Final Countdown for IAS Prelims 2014: Day 4

1. Mughal period Babur • The foundation of the Mughal rule in India was laid by Babur in 1526. • According to famous historian Lavepool, Babur was just a soldier of fortune and not an empire builder. • He was a descendant of Timur (from the side of his father) and Chengiz Khan (from the side of his mother). • Babur was invited by Daulat Kahna Lodi and Alam Khan Lodi against Ibrahim Lodi • Babur defeated Ibrahim Lodhi in the first battle of Panipat on …

Final Countdown for IAS Prelims 2014: Day 3

1. Early Medieval Age (800-1200 A.D.) After the death of Harshavardhan, the political power in North India got distributed among various dynasties. The tendencies of feudalism and decentralization became the main feature of the polity during this period. After Harsha, various Rajputas clans ruled over the northern part of the country. Rajputs There are different theories about the origin of Rajputs. The following are the various theories related to the origin of Rajputs: • According to one view the Rajputs were descendent of Sakas. • …

Final Countdown for IAS Prelims 2014: Day 2

1. Post Mauryan period After the decline of Mauryas, the regional kingdoms were formed. Unlike Mauryas none of these regional kingdoms could extend their political authority over the large area equivalent to that of Mauryan Empire. Thus with the downfall of Mauryas their great empire witnessed rise of multiple regional kingdoms. The important regional kingdoms and their area of influence were as: (i) Sunga dynasty ruled from Videsha in Madhya Pradesh (ii) The Kavanas ruled from Patliputra (iii) The Indo-Greek rulers ruled over the …

Final Countdown for IAS Prelims 2014: Day 1 – Ancient History

1. Indus Valley Civilization (2550-1800 BC) The Indus Valley Civilization (2550-1800 B.C.) represents the Bronze Age culture. There were certain remarkable features present in the civilization which made it technologically far superior as compared to the cultures which flourished after the decline of this civilization. These remarkable features were: • Highly developed trade • Presence of some urban sites • Highly efficient town planning • Presence of buildings made of bricks • Use of Bronze • The ability to read and write and existence of script • Cosmopolitan …

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